Software Used For Mobile Application Development – Android operating system is the most installed base on various mobile platforms around the world. Millions of mobile devices run on Android in over 190 countries worldwide. It has captured 71% of the global market share by the end of 2021 and this trend is getting bigger every other day. A company called the Open Handset Alliance first developed Android, which is based on a modified version of the Linux kernel and other open source software. Google supported the project in the early stages and took over the entire company in 2005. The Android-powered device was launched in September 2008. Android dominates the mobile OS industry due to its list long range of features it offers. It’s easy to use, has great community support, offers more customization, and many companies make Android-compatible smartphones. As a result, the market is witnessing a huge increase in the demand for developing Android mobile applications, along with which companies need smart developers with the right skills. Android was originally intended as a mobile operating system. However, due to the advancement of code libraries and its popularity among developers of various fields, Android is becoming a complete software for all devices such as tablets, wearables, set-top boxes, smart TVs, books notes, etc.
Open Source Android is a powerful open source operating system that offers a wide range of features, some of which are listed below.
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Android was first publicly announced by Google in November 2007, but was released on September 23, 2008. The HTC Dream was the first Android device launched in the market with Android version 1.0. Since then, Google has released many Android versions such as Apple Pie, Banana Bread, Cupcake, Donut, Éclair, Froyo, Gingerbread, Jellybeans, Kitkat, Lollipop, marshmallow, Nougat, Oreo etc. with additional functions and new features.
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The following table shows the version details of Android released by Google from 2007 to date.
As Kotlin is the official Android development language developed and maintained by Jet Brains, Google prefers to develop Android application using Kotlin. Earlier Java was considered as the official language of Android development. Google made Kotlin official for Android development at I/O 2017.
In short, smartphone applications are an essential part of our daily life. They can be used to make connections, get information, or just have fun! Although creating a smartphone app is fun, it requires a little more guidance in choosing the right programming language. That’s why this article covers the best programming languages needed for Android app development (Android, because I love it!). Also, if you want to learn how to create your own Android application and explore the world of app development at the very beginning, we have organized a special Android app development course for beginners – Self Paced. This course will help beginners achieve their goals of developing Android applications using the Java programming language.
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Although Kotlin is the official Android language, there are many other languages that can be used for Android app development. Information about them is provided below to help you make an informed decision.
Initially, Java was the official language for Android app development (but now it has been replaced by Kotlin) and therefore, it is also the most used language. Many apps on the Play Store are built using Java, which is also the most supported language by Google. In addition to this, Java has a great online community for support in case of any problems (and trust me, there will be problems!).
However, Java is a complex language for a beginner to use because it has constructors, null pointer exceptions, concurrency, checked exceptions, etc. Also, the Android Software Development Kit (SDK) takes the complexity to a whole new level!
Overall, Java is the best language to experience the full joy of Android app development. However, it can be a bit complicated for beginners who want to start with something easy and go back to it.
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Kotlin is the official Android app development language announced by Google in 2019. Kotlin is a cross-platform programming language that can be used as an alternative to Java for Android app development. It was also introduced as an “official” secondary Java language in 2017. Kotlin can interact with Java and runs in the Java Virtual Machine.
The big difference is that Kotlin removes extra Java features like null pointer exceptions. It also eliminates the need to end each line with a semicolon. In short, Kotlin is much simpler for beginners to try compared to Java, and can be used as an “entry point” for Android app development.
C++ can be used for Android app development using the Android Native Development Kit (NDK). However, an app cannot be created entirely using C++, and the NDK is used to implement parts of the app in native C++ code. It helps to use C++ code libraries for the application as needed.
Although C++ is useful for Android app development in some cases, it is very difficult to set up and does not offer much flexibility. It can also lead to more bugs due to increased complexity. Therefore, Java is better to use than C++ because it does not provide enough benefit to balance the efforts required.
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C# is similar to Java, so it is suitable for Android app development. Like Java, C# also implements garbage collection, so memory leaks are less likely. And C# has a cleaner and simpler syntax than Java, which makes it very easy to code.
Earlier, C#’s biggest drawback was that it used the .NET framework and could only run on Windows systems. However, Xmarin has taken care of this problem. Android (Mono for Android) is a cross-platform implementation of the Common Language Infrastructure. Now, Xamarin. Android tools can be used to write native Android apps and share code across multiple platforms.
Although Android does not support native Python development, Python can be used for Android app development. This can be done using various tools that convert Python apps into Android packages that can be run on Android devices.
An example of this is Kiwi, an open source Python library used for developing mobile apps. It supports Android and encourages rapid app development (which is a win-win situation in my opinion!). However, one drawback is that Kiwi will not have the native benefits because it does not have local support.
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Ignoring Dart as a programming language in today’s context would be like ignoring the gorilla in the room (because Java is the elephant). Dart is an open source programming language that powers the Flutter framework and is gaining a lot of traction today due to its ability to deliver beautiful and functional web apps, desktop and mobile soon. Dart’s main selling point is that Google designed it as a client-optimized language for fast apps on any platform. Dart is primarily focused on making UI development easier for developers with features like hot reloading, which allows developers to see changes immediately while working on the app. Dart is also known for its fast performance and compiles to ARM and x64 machine code.
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